Growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing in Kenya

By // Headlines | Growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing in Kenya
Email to a friend Plain text Print version // Font size: Decrease font Enlarge font
Houses under construction

Mrs Wambui Kariku, a 43-year-old mother of three, has been shopping for a house since 2011. She lived in a three-bedroom house and shared washroom and kitchen facilities with four other families with rent of Sh8,000 per month.

She had hoped to enjoy the living standards availed by a two or three bedroom self-contained bungalows in a secure gated community but thanks to her financial situation, this became a distant dream.

She visited other modern developments she thought would be affordable, but their distance from the central business district proved prohibitive. She gave her landlord a month notice when she finally secured a three bedroom modern apartment in Embakasi, East of Nairobi.

She now pays Sh20,000 per month. Though the new apartment was not in the best condition with cracked tiles, missing hinges, it was better than her former house.

“Now my family will be able to use the toilet, bathroom, clothes hanging lines and balcony without having to share with other families,” she concluded.

According to a report by the South African based Centre for Affordable Housing Finance Africa, Kenyans are opting for resale or ‘second-hand’ houses as new developments are becoming too expensive to buy.

Currently, the resale mortgage market constitutes as much as 60 per cent of mortgage transactions. This has however been restricted by the limited supply of good housing stock, currently as much as 50 per cent of the existing structures in urban areas are in need of repair and rehabilitation. This shortage of supply has been a major contributing factor to the rise in property prices.

The report also showed that most of the Kenyan population cannot afford housing built by leading developers, and as a result, the remaining 85,000 or so households address their housing needs independently and often informally.

This contributes to a growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing. Research done by a slum dwellers umbrella body, Muungano wa Wanavijiji, found that 70 per cent of Nairobi’s housing stock comprises of single roomed shacks made of wood, mud, tin galvanised sheets, or wattle. Recreational spaces in Nairobi have a bigger total land mass than the slums.

In a move to meet the demand of housing, the Kenyan government has continued to explore a variety of strategies. Initiatives underway include the Appropriate Building Technology Programme, the Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP), Civil Servants Housing Scheme, Housing Infrastructure and Government Estate Management. The World Bank is also supporting the Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project (KISIP), which focuses on improving tenure security and infrastructure.

Non-Governmental Organisations are also playing an important role in delivery, often with the support of international bodies.

Homeless International, a non-governmental organisation, has been working with Kenya’s National Cooperative Housing Union (NACHU) and Pamoja Trust. This collaboration with Pamoja Trust will enable more than 4,000 households to obtain land and/or secure tenure, 172 households to upgrade their homes, and in partnership with the World Bank, relocate 20,000 railway dwelling families to sustainable accommodation.

Shelter Afrique entered into a Sh40 million loan agreement with Makao Mashinani to deliver housing microfinance to about 2,000 households. In September 2012, Jamii Bora Makao initiated its second phase of a Sh5 billion low cost housing project that will deliver 2,200 houses.

The first phase of 950 houses has been completed and low cost, two-bedroom units are being sold for Sh1.5 million. They initiated the second phase of 1,250 houses, to include housing that costs between Sh2.5 million and Sh5.4 million.

In 2011, Equity Bank launched a mortgage product specifically targeting low-income groups, focused on those earning a monthly income of at least Sh20,000 in partnership with a construction company for low cost houses of about Sh195,000.

Mortgage lending is still accessible to a tiny minority. Mortgage lending as a percentage of GDP was 2.6 per cent in 2010, growing at 14 per cent annually. Only about 11 per cent of Kenyans earn enough to support a mortgage. This means that most middle-income earners cannot afford an average mortgage necessary to buy an entry-level house.

The National Bureau of Statistics in the country defines middle-income households as those whose monthly incomes fall between Sh23,671 and Sh112,717.

Tagged : Trending, Growth in slum dwellings, Poor quality housing in Kenya

Headlines Newsview all

CRA warns of county cash crunch in revenue row

Cheserem said the hardline stance by the National Assembly and the Senate would delay disbursement of funds/FILENAIROBI, Kenya, May 22 – Commission for Revenue Allocation ...

Your traffic guide for May 23 Mater Heart Run

Motorists coming from Langata road will therefore access the City Centre through Lusaka road as will those coming from Mombasa road/FILENAIROBI, Kenya, May 22 –Police ...

Govt says fresh attack thwarted in Garissa County

The security officers acted swiftly to prevent another deadly attack of innocent Kenyans/FILENAIROBI, Kenya, May 22 – Police officers on Thursday thwarted an attempted terror ...

Boy smuggled into Spain in suitcase allowed to stay

Immigration authorities have now granted the boy authorisation to live in Spain for one year “for extraordinary reasons” allowed for under the law/FILE MADRID, Spain, May ...

Ethiopia’s democracy put to the test in general election

Rights groups routinely accuse Ethiopia of clamping down on opposition supporters and journalists and using anti-terrorism laws to silence dissent and jail critics/XINHUA-FileADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, ...

US planes keep distance from Chinese ‘islands’

Aerial photograph taken from a military aircraft on May 11, 2015 shows alleged on-going reclamation by China on Mischief Reef in the Spratly group of ...

Appeals court frees Korean Air heiress in ‘nut rage’ case

Former Korean Air executive Cho Hyun-Ah (C) receives a suspended jail sentence and is freed by a Seoul appeals court on May 22, 2015, after ...

This is SHOCKING! LADIES do the unthinkable in a Hostel, 21+ only Please.

DAILY POST: This is SHOCKING! LADIES do the unthinkable in a Hostel, 21+ only Please. The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News 12:23 Nowadays, most of the ladies lack manners and ...

All Kenyan men may head to Tanzania, see how PROSTITUTES do it there, Eish.

DAILY POST: All Kenyan men may head to Tanzania, see how PROSTITUTES do it there, Eish. The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News 12:21 In Kenyan clubs, prostitutes rarely hit the ...

MADNESS! See what a S£X hungry man sent to Ebru TV’s KAMENE GORO (PHOTO)

DAILY POST: MADNESS! See what a S£X hungry man sent to Ebru TV’s KAMENE GORO (PHOTO) The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News 12:19 Thursday, 21 May 2015 - Curvaceous ...

See the Flashy lifestyle of Classic 105's MAINA KAGENI, here's the money he earns per month.

The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News 12:15 He is also one of the highest paid media personalities in Kenya with word going round that he earns a cool Ksh ...

Kenya Top Stories

WILLY PAUL heads to US as BAHATI struggles with local shows.

DAILY POST: WILLY PAUL heads to US as BAHATI struggles with local shows. The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News 12:04 Thursday, May 21, 2015 - Just recently, Bahati accused Willy ...

Ex-Classic FM's CIKU MUIRURI lashes out at Wazungus, this is why she is Black and Proud.

The Kenyan DAILY POST Media News 12:00 “If the Negro is to be free, he must move down into the inner resources of his own soul and sign with ...

N()UGHTY! See what these Masai lovers were spotted doing (PHOTO)

[unable to retrieve full-text content] ...

BABY SATRINE rocks Golden Blings like his "Father" SONKO (PHOTO)

[unable to retrieve full-text content] ...

Prophet OWOUR is a witchdoctor and a terrorist…..Zambians reject him and attack him badly

The Kenyan DAILY POST Featured Articles 11:50 Thursday, May 21, 2015 –Prophet Owuor is currently in Zambia for a two day crusade which he has also christened as a healing ...

While you were busy dreaming at 5am, WAHU was doing this with her youngest daughter

DAILY POST: While you were busy dreaming at 5am, WAHU was doing this with her youngest daughter The Kenyan DAILY POST Entertainment News, Featured Articles 11:43 Thursday, May 21, 2015 - ...

What is COLONEL MUSTAPHA up to this time?

[unable to retrieve full-text content] ...


Masinde Muliro

Masinde Muliro (1922 - August 14, 1992) was a Kenyan politician, one of the central figures in the shaping of the political landscape in Kenya.
Masinde Muliro

Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya

Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya (August 15, 1930 – July 5, 1969) was a prominent Kenyan politician during Jomo Kenyatta's government. He was founder of the
Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya

Paul Joseph Ngei

The Honourable Paul Joseph Ngei (18 October 1923 - 15 August 2004) was a Kenyan politician who was imprisoned for his role in the anti-colonial
Paul Joseph Ngei

Ramogi Achieng Oneko

Ramogi Achieng Oneko (1920–2007) was a Kenyan freedom fighter and a politician. In Kenya, he is considered as a national hero.He was born in Tieng'a
Ramogi Achieng Oneko

Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga

Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga (c. 1911 – January 20, 1994) was a Luo Chief, who became a prominent figure in Kenya's struggle for independence. He
Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga

Josiah Mwangi Kariuki

Josiah Mwangi Kariuki (March 21, 1929–March 2, 1975) was a Kenyan socialist politician during the administration of the Jomo Kenyatta government. He held different government
Josiah Mwangi Kariuki

Waruhiu Itote

Waruhiu Itote (General China) (b. 1922; d. 30 April 1993) was one of the key leaders of the Mau Mau rebellion alongside Dedan Kimathi and
Waruhiu Itote

Musa Mwariama

Field Marshal Musa Mwariama (born 1928) is a former leader of the Mau Mau in Meru and the highest ranking Mau Mau who survived the
Musa Mwariama