PreviousNext

Growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing in Kenya

By // Headlines | Growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing in Kenya
Email to a friend Plain text Print version // Font size: Decrease font Enlarge font
Houses under construction

Mrs Wambui Kariku, a 43-year-old mother of three, has been shopping for a house since 2011. She lived in a three-bedroom house and shared washroom and kitchen facilities with four other families with rent of Sh8,000 per month.

She had hoped to enjoy the living standards availed by a two or three bedroom self-contained bungalows in a secure gated community but thanks to her financial situation, this became a distant dream.

She visited other modern developments she thought would be affordable, but their distance from the central business district proved prohibitive. She gave her landlord a month notice when she finally secured a three bedroom modern apartment in Embakasi, East of Nairobi.

She now pays Sh20,000 per month. Though the new apartment was not in the best condition with cracked tiles, missing hinges, it was better than her former house.

“Now my family will be able to use the toilet, bathroom, clothes hanging lines and balcony without having to share with other families,” she concluded.

According to a report by the South African based Centre for Affordable Housing Finance Africa, Kenyans are opting for resale or ‘second-hand’ houses as new developments are becoming too expensive to buy.

Currently, the resale mortgage market constitutes as much as 60 per cent of mortgage transactions. This has however been restricted by the limited supply of good housing stock, currently as much as 50 per cent of the existing structures in urban areas are in need of repair and rehabilitation. This shortage of supply has been a major contributing factor to the rise in property prices.

The report also showed that most of the Kenyan population cannot afford housing built by leading developers, and as a result, the remaining 85,000 or so households address their housing needs independently and often informally.

This contributes to a growth in slum dwellings and poor quality housing. Research done by a slum dwellers umbrella body, Muungano wa Wanavijiji, found that 70 per cent of Nairobi’s housing stock comprises of single roomed shacks made of wood, mud, tin galvanised sheets, or wattle. Recreational spaces in Nairobi have a bigger total land mass than the slums.

In a move to meet the demand of housing, the Kenyan government has continued to explore a variety of strategies. Initiatives underway include the Appropriate Building Technology Programme, the Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP), Civil Servants Housing Scheme, Housing Infrastructure and Government Estate Management. The World Bank is also supporting the Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project (KISIP), which focuses on improving tenure security and infrastructure.

Non-Governmental Organisations are also playing an important role in delivery, often with the support of international bodies.

Homeless International, a non-governmental organisation, has been working with Kenya’s National Cooperative Housing Union (NACHU) and Pamoja Trust. This collaboration with Pamoja Trust will enable more than 4,000 households to obtain land and/or secure tenure, 172 households to upgrade their homes, and in partnership with the World Bank, relocate 20,000 railway dwelling families to sustainable accommodation.

Shelter Afrique entered into a Sh40 million loan agreement with Makao Mashinani to deliver housing microfinance to about 2,000 households. In September 2012, Jamii Bora Makao initiated its second phase of a Sh5 billion low cost housing project that will deliver 2,200 houses.

The first phase of 950 houses has been completed and low cost, two-bedroom units are being sold for Sh1.5 million. They initiated the second phase of 1,250 houses, to include housing that costs between Sh2.5 million and Sh5.4 million.

In 2011, Equity Bank launched a mortgage product specifically targeting low-income groups, focused on those earning a monthly income of at least Sh20,000 in partnership with a construction company for low cost houses of about Sh195,000.

Mortgage lending is still accessible to a tiny minority. Mortgage lending as a percentage of GDP was 2.6 per cent in 2010, growing at 14 per cent annually. Only about 11 per cent of Kenyans earn enough to support a mortgage. This means that most middle-income earners cannot afford an average mortgage necessary to buy an entry-level house.

The National Bureau of Statistics in the country defines middle-income households as those whose monthly incomes fall between Sh23,671 and Sh112,717.

Tagged : Trending, Growth in slum dwellings, Poor quality housing in Kenya

Headlines Newsview all

English pupils 'are the worst behaved in the world': Even top-rated schools are blighted by classroom chaos, study says

Government and Ofsted underestimate lack of discipline, says studyPoor parenting and reluctance to expel pupils blamed for problemNearly one in three pupils say there are ...

'His mind was his life': Moving photographs chart one family's struggle to come to terms with beloved grandfather's Alzheimer's disease

Photos taken by Ginger Unzueta show father-in-law's life with Alzheimer's diseasePito is a former doctor whose 'mind was his life' and enjoyed mental stimulationEnjoyed reading ...

Tribal elder's advice to the giggling Cambridges as Kate recycles chic scarlet suit for trip to earthquake-hit Christchurch

 Follow live updates from The Daily Mail's Royal Correspondent Rebecca English in New Zealand on TwitterSend your pictures of the Royal Tour to australiaroyal@mailonline.comBy Rebecca English ...

House asking prices hit a new high with sellers demanding on average 2.6 per cent more than last month's record £255,962

This month’s figure of £262,594 is 7.3 per cent up on last yearIn London the average asking price has risen by a staggering 15.9 per ...

Mother accused of killing seven newborns and storing their bodies in boxes in the garage

Megan Huntsman, 39, is said to have secretly given birth to seven children from 2001 to 2011Their bodies were found stashed in the garage this ...

Mafia killers are more sensitive than their reputation would have you believe says study of 69 criminals

Mafioso nice to family and friends unlike non-'made' killersAble to compartmentalise feelings between 'business' and home lifeItalian researchers compared 30 mafiosi with 39 other criminalsBy Hannah ...

Give us more cash to open all hours GPs tell Cameron after PM orders end to 9-to-5 culture

David Cameron has announced GP surgeries will be open for longerHe claims more than 7.5million people will benefit from extended accessBritish Medical Association say surgeries ...

BBC2's Big Allotment Challenge digs up strain of vegetable growing: Police called as Nottinghamshire villagers lose plot over upkeep of land

Villagers thrown out of monthly parish council meetingAnger as council announced it would take over care of allotmentsBy Inderdeep Bains Published: ...

Fracking can help to slow global warming admit UN scientists... and so can nuclear power

World’s leading experts say fracking will cut greenhouse gas emissions UK should away from ‘dirty’ coal and contribute to saving the environmentUnexpected endorsement will be ...

Kenya Top Stories

Cyril Smith victims may sue LibDems as it's revealed how paedophile politician's crimes were covered up time and again and he was protected by allies who bullied police

Special Branch blocked two enquiries into Smith from other police forcesDirector of Public Prosecutions refused to prosecute Smith in 1970 despite huge dossierChild porn found ...

Despite 'sex pest' claims, Lord Rennard could return to key role in LibDems

Former party CEO suspended after allegations he made unwelcome advances to womenInternal, QC-led inquiry for the party found he had ‘violated the personal space’ of ...

'I can do anything if I put my mind to it. It's just different than how I used to': Teen who had fingers amputated after passing out in subzero temperatures following a night of drinking begins her recovery

Alyssa Jo Lommel, sophomore at University of Minnesota, suffered severe hypothermia and tissue damage to her hands and feet in DecemberHer hands were three times ...

Young Kenyans Making a Big Impact in Britain

Twenty-three-year-old Kenyan-born Londoner Stessy Nyaga is a young woman on a mission — to positively engage the energy and drive of her young compatriots in ...

Shabaab's Rich Backers Targeted in Terror Probe

The police operation against terrorism has now turned to businessmen who are believed to be funding the al-Shabaab, the Somali extremist group, in Kenya. Of particular ...

The feds will come back but I will never back down, says defiant Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy after he dramatically won his cattle back

Cliven Bundy said he expects officials with the Bureau of Land Management to make another attempt to seize his cattleBundy, 67, won the first round ...

48 residents were evacuated and one home is 'splitting in two' in wake of Wyoming landslide the 'size of two football fields'

A landslide about the size of two football fields continues to slowly move down hillside near Jackson48 Jackson residents went to Red Cross checkpoint locationSo ...

Police files on Cyril Smith show high-ranking Lib-Dems bullied detectives into not prosecuting him for child abuse

The late Liberal Democrat MP for Rochdale, Cyril Smith, abused boysIts has since been revealed that police knew, but couldn't investigateHigh ranking politicians stopped police ...

The boy he abused in his Commons office: Victim of Cyril Smith speaks of how he was groomed and ruthlessly abused - but politicians who knew did nothing

The late Liberal Democrat MP for Rochdale, Cyril Smith, abused boysOne of his victims revealed how he was groomed by Smith aged 16Smith brought him ...

TOP STORIES EXTRA

Masinde Muliro

Masinde Muliro (1922 - August 14, 1992) was a Kenyan politician, one of the central figures in the shaping of the political landscape in Kenya.
Masinde Muliro

Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya

Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya (August 15, 1930 – July 5, 1969) was a prominent Kenyan politician during Jomo Kenyatta's government. He was founder of the
Thomas Joseph Odhiambo Mboya

Paul Joseph Ngei

The Honourable Paul Joseph Ngei (18 October 1923 - 15 August 2004) was a Kenyan politician who was imprisoned for his role in the anti-colonial
Paul Joseph Ngei

Ramogi Achieng Oneko

Ramogi Achieng Oneko (1920–2007) was a Kenyan freedom fighter and a politician. In Kenya, he is considered as a national hero.He was born in Tieng'a
Ramogi Achieng Oneko

Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga

Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga (c. 1911 – January 20, 1994) was a Luo Chief, who became a prominent figure in Kenya's struggle for independence. He
Jaramogi Ajuma Oginga Odinga

Josiah Mwangi Kariuki

Josiah Mwangi Kariuki (March 21, 1929–March 2, 1975) was a Kenyan socialist politician during the administration of the Jomo Kenyatta government. He held different government
Josiah Mwangi Kariuki

Waruhiu Itote

Waruhiu Itote (General China) (b. 1922; d. 30 April 1993) was one of the key leaders of the Mau Mau rebellion alongside Dedan Kimathi and
Waruhiu Itote

Musa Mwariama

Field Marshal Musa Mwariama (born 1928) is a former leader of the Mau Mau in Meru and the highest ranking Mau Mau who survived the
Musa Mwariama